Document Detail

Dietary intake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a Spanish population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16245728     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of the present study was to estimate the dietary intake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), particularly benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), as well as to identify the principal dietary sources of such compounds in the Spanish adult population. The study included 40,690 subjects aged 35 to 64 years from five regions of Spain that were included in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Spain cohort. Usual food intake was estimated by personal interview through a computerized version of a dietary history questionnaire. The estimations of B[a]P and total PAHs were made, taking into account the country where the determinations of content of these compounds in the foods came from and the year of publication. The mean intake of B[a]P in the population was 0.14 microg/day, and the mean intake of total PAHs was 8.57 microg/day. Both for B[a]P and total PAHs, women had a significantly lower mean intake than men, and older people consumed lesser amounts than younger people. Furthermore, the intake was higher in the northern regions. There were no significant differences by smoking status. The food groups of meat and meat products, cereals, and oils and fats contribute 55.5% to the total B[a]P intake, while cereals and meat and meat products contribute 61% to the total PAH consumption. Our estimations of B[a]P intake were lower than in the United Kingdom and The Netherlands, were similar to those found in other studies from Spain and Italy, and were higher than those in the United States and Norway.
Raquel Ibáñez; Antonio Agudo; Antonio Berenguer; Paula Jakszyn; María José Tormo; María José Sanchéz; José R Quirós; Guillem Pera; Carmen Navarro; Carmen Martinez; Nerea Larrañaga; Miren Dorronsoro; María Dolores Chirlaque; Aurelio Barricarte; Eva Ardanaz; Pilar Amiano; Carlos A Gonzálezi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-25     Completed Date:  2005-11-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2190-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Unit of Epidemiology, Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, 08907 Barcelona, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Benzo(a)pyrene / administration & dosage*,  analysis
Carcinogens / administration & dosage*,  analysis
Cohort Studies
Diet Surveys*
Food Contamination / analysis*
Middle Aged
Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic / administration & dosage*,  analysis
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carcinogens; 0/Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic; 50-32-8/Benzo(a)pyrene

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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