Document Detail

Dietary intake and major food sources of polyphenols in Finnish adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18287367     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Phenolic acids, flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, and ellagitannins are polyphenols that may have beneficial effects on human health and provide protection against chronic diseases. To date, limited data exist on quantitative intake of polyphenols. The aims of this study were to estimate the quantitative intakes of polyphenols by using analyzed concentrations together with individual food consumption records and to determine major dietary sources. Analyzed concentrations of phenolic acids, anthocyanidins, and other flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, and ellagitannins (44 total polyphenol compounds) were entered into the national food composition database, Fineli. The absolute intakes of the polyphenols and the corresponding food sources were calculated on the basis of 48-h dietary recalls of 2007 Finnish adults. The mean total intake of polyphenols was 863 +/- 415 mg/d. Phenolic acids comprised the dominant group of polyphenols (75% of total intake) followed by proanthocyanidins (14%) and anthocyanidins and other flavonoids (10%). Due to their high consumption and high concentrations of phenolic acids, coffee and cereals were the main contributors to total polyphenol intake. Berries and berry products were the main source for anthocyanidins, ellagitannins, and proanthocyanidins, and fruits were the main source for flavonols, flavones, and flavanones. The results give additional support to the recommendations for a varied diet with fruits, berries, cereals, and vegetables.
Marja-Leena Ovaskainen; Riitta Törrönen; Jani M Koponen; Harri Sinkko; Jarkko Hellström; Heli Reinivuo; Pirjo Mattila
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  138     ISSN:  1541-6100     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-21     Completed Date:  2008-03-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  562-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, Nutrition Unit, National Public Health Institute, FI-00300 Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Availability
Flavonoids / administration & dosage*
Food Analysis*
Phenols / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Flavonoids; 0/Phenols; 0/polyphenols

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