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Dietary intake of lycopene by the Belgian adult population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23286216     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Lycopene is a potent antioxidant, and it has been suggested that intake of tomatoes and tomato products containing lycopene is associated with a decreased risk of various chronic diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the distribution of dietary lycopene intake in the Belgian population and to determine the most important contributors to lycopene intake. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National food consumption data from the Belgian Food Consumption Survey (BFCS) 2004 were used for the intake assessment. Determination of the lycopene content in foods was performed with HPLC-UV. Individual food consumption data were multiplied by the actual mean concentrations of lycopene per food. SUBJECTS: Individuals (n 3083) aged 15 years and older participated in the study and provided two 24 h recalls. RESULTS: The mean lycopene intake among Belgian adults was 4·1 (sd 2·3) mg/d or 0·059 (sd 0·033) mg/kg body weight per d. Lycopene intake among men (4·6 (sd 2·6) mg/d) was higher than among women (3·6 (sd 2·1) mg/d), and was higher in the younger compared with the older age groups. Cis-lycopene intake represented about one-third of the total lycopene intake. Tomatoes and tomato products (43 %) and sauces and ready-to-eat meals containing tomato sauces (41 %) were the main contributors to lycopene intake in Belgium. CONCLUSIONS: The lycopene intake of the Belgian adult population was comparable to intakes reported in neighbouring countries and was below the acceptable daily intake.
Authors:
Stefanie Vandevijvere; Tatiana Cucu; Christine Vinkx; Kevin Huvaere; Inge Huybrechts; Joris Van Loco
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1 Department of Public Health and Surveillance, Scientific Institute of Public Health, J. Wytsmanstraat 14, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
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