Document Detail


Dietary intake of lead, cadmium, copper and zinc by children from the German North Sea island Amrum.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10956583     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The dietary intake of metals was studied in seven male and seven female children at the age of 1.5 to 5.3 years living in a remote area of Germany, the North Sea island Amrum. The dietary intake of lead and cadmium was measured by a seven-day-duplicate study using atomic absorption spectrometry. The dietary intake of copper and zinc were calculated from food diaries. The median lead and cadmium intakes were 2.1 micrograms/(kgbw x week) [range: 0.63-5.1 micrograms/(kgbw x week)] and 2.7 micrograms/(kgbw x week) [range: 1.7-4.4 micrograms/(kgbw x week)]. The median daily intake of copper and zinc were 1.1 mg/d (range: 0.54-2.5 mg/d) and 5.7 mg/d (range: 2.7-14 mg/d). Compared to the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) of 25 micrograms/(kgbw x week) proposed by the WHO the dietary intake of lead was low. The median amounted to 8.5% and the maximum to 20% of the PTWI. The cadmium intake was comparatively high. The median amounted to 39% and the maximum to 63% of the PTWI [7 micrograms/(kgbw x week)]. The median intake of copper was in the range of the values recommended by the German Society of Nutrition (0.7-1.0 mg/d and 1.0-1.5 mg/d for children at the age of 1-< 4 years and 4-< 7 years). Twenty-three percent of the calculated intakes were below these values. The median intake of zinc however did not reach the recommended dietary intake of 7 and 10 mg/d for children at the age of 1-< 4 years and 4-< 7 years.
Authors:
P Schrey; J Wittsiepe; U Budde; B Heinzow; H Idel; M Wilhelm
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of hygiene and environmental health     Volume:  203     ISSN:  1438-4639     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Hyg Environ Health     Publication Date:  2000 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-09-12     Completed Date:  2000-09-12     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100898843     Medline TA:  Int J Hyg Environ Health     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Abteilung für Hygiene, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cadmium / administration & dosage
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Child, Preschool
Copper / administration & dosage
Diet*
Female
Germany
Humans
Infant
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Lead / administration & dosage
Male
Metals, Heavy / administration & dosage*
Oceans and Seas
Zinc / administration & dosage
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Metals, Heavy; 7439-92-1/Lead; 7440-43-9/Cadmium; 7440-50-8/Copper; 7440-66-6/Zinc

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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