Document Detail


Dietary habits and inadequate control of blood pressure in hypertensive adults assisted by a Brazilian Family Doctor Program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21733279     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To estimate dietary habits and other factors associated with inadequate blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensive patients adherent to antihypertensive drug treatment assisted by a Brazilian Family Doctor Program (FDP). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: FDP units, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. SUBJECTS: We included data from both male and female participants aged ≥20 years. Participants completed a standardized questionnaire containing questions related to demographics, socio-economic factors, comorbidities and lifestyle, as well as a validated FFQ and eleven additional qualitative questions to investigate dietary habits. Food items were divided into sixteen groups. Medical consultations were performed, BP measurements were taken, blood and urine samples were assessed and anthropometric and nutritional status was evaluated. RESULTS: Individuals with inadequate BP control presented higher BMI values (prevalence ratio (PR) = 1·027, 95 % CI 1·009, 1·045) and also consumed more meat (PR = 1·091, 95 % CI 1·022, 1·165), which are potentially modifiable variables. Higher levels of serum creatinine (PR = 1·894, 95 % CI 1·241, 2·892) were also associated with inadequate BP control, as were skin colour (white). After inclusion of the Na excretion index, which is an indirect measure of salt intake, a slight decrease was observed in the PR for meat, which resulted in loss of statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that salt consumption, skin colour, BMI and serum creatinine are associated with inadequate BP control.
Authors:
Bárbara da Silva Nalin de Souza; Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa; Jocemir R Lugon; Edna Massae Yokoo; Evandro Tinoco Mesquita; Michele Rodrigues; Carolina da Silva Ramos; Maurício Cagy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-9     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Marques do Paraná 303 - 3o andar anexo, Centro, Niterói, RJ, Brazil, CEP 24030-210.
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