Document Detail

Dietary glycemic index and load in relation to cardiovascular disease risk factors in Cuban American population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20528579     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether dietary glycemic index (GI) or glycemic load (GL) had an effect on the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and whether the effects were dependent on the diabetes status in the Cuban American population.
DESIGN: A case–control, single-time-point study.
METHODS: A total of 324 middle-aged Cuban American adults had completed data on fasting blood lipids, physical activity level and usual dietary intake using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Published GI values were assigned to food items and average dietary GI and GL were calculated per participant.
RESULTS: Subjects without type 2 diabetes (T2D) were 3.3 times more likely to be in the recommended, highest high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol category if they were in the second dietary GL tertile as compared with those in the first dietary GL tertile (P = 0.042, 95% confidence interval = 1.94, 10.78).
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study suggest that in this sample of Cuban Americans a high GI or GL diet do not adversely affects blood lipids, especially among subjects without T2D.
Fatma G Huffman; Gustavo G Zarini; Vanessa Cooper
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of food sciences and nutrition     Volume:  61     ISSN:  1465-3478     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-14     Completed Date:  2011-01-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432922     Medline TA:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  690-701     Citation Subset:  IM    
Florida International University, Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Miami, Florida 33199, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Glucose / metabolism*
Cardiovascular Diseases / ethnology*,  etiology
Case-Control Studies
Cholesterol, HDL / blood*
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications,  ethnology*
Diet Surveys
Glycemic Index*
Hispanic Americans*
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Grant Support
AC#124401529/42//PHS HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Cholesterol, HDL

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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