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Dietary fish oil regulates gene expression of cholesterol and bile acid transporters in mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22364600     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aim:  Fish oil rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is known to affect hepatic lipid metabolism. Several studies have demonstrated that fish oil may affect the bile acid metabolism as well as lipid metabolism, whereas only scarce data are available. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of fish oil on the gene expression of the transporters and enzymes related to bile acid as well as lipid metabolism in the liver and small intestine. Methods:  Seven-week old male C57BL/6 mice were fed diets enriched in 10% soybean oil or 10% fish oil for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks, blood, liver and small intestine were obtained. Results:  Hepatic mRNA expression of lipids (Abcg5/8, multidrug resistance gene product 2) and bile acids transporters (bile salt export pump, multidrug resistance associated protein 2 and 3, organic solute transporter α) was induced in fish oil-fed mice. Hepatic Cyp8b1, Cyp27a1 and bile acid CoA : amino acid N-acyltransferase were increased in fish oil-fed mice compared with soybean-oil fed mice. Besides, intestinal cholesterol (Abcg5/8) and bile acid transporters (multidrug resistance associated protein 2 and organic solute transporter α) were induced in fish oil-fed mice. Conclusion:  Fish oil induced the expression of cholesterol and bile acid transporters not only in liver but in intestine. The upregulation of Abcg5/g8 by fish oil is caused by an increase in cellular 27-HOC through Cyp27a1 induction. The hepatic induction of bile acid synthesis through Cyp27a1 may upregulate expression of bile acid transporters in both organs.
Authors:
Toshinori Kamisako; Yuji Tanaka; Takanori Ikeda; Kazuo Yamamoto; Hiroshi Ogawa
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hepatology research : the official journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1386-6346     ISO Abbreviation:  Hepatol. Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9711801     Medline TA:  Hepatol Res     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  321-6     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Japan Society of Hepatology.
Affiliation:
Departments of Clinical Laboratory Medicine Basic Medical Science, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, Osakasayama Faculty of Human Sciences, Tezukayama Gakuin University, Sakai, Osaka, Japan.
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