Document Detail

Dietary fiber stabilizes blood glucose and insulin levels and reduces physical activity in sows (Sus scrofa).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15173415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to test whether a diet with a high level of fermentable dietary fiber can stabilize interprandial blood glucose and insulin levels, prevent declines below basal levels, and reduce physical activity in limited-fed breeding sows. Stable levels of glucose and insulin may prevent interprandial feelings of hunger and, consequently, increased activity. Catheterized sows (n = 10) were fed twice daily (0700 and 1900 h) 900 g of a diet with either a low (L-sows) or a high level of fermentable dietary fiber (H-sows; sugarbeet pulp). Blood samples, taken between feeding times, were analyzed for glucose and insulin levels (basal and area under the curve) and stability of levels (variance and sum of absolute differences between levels in consecutive samples). The main focus was on samples taken after the postprandial peak. Behavior was videotaped for analysis of postures and posture changes. Basal glucose and insulin levels did not differ between treatments. H-sows had more stable levels than L-sows. Interprandial levels of H-sows were higher than or equal to basal levels. L-sows showed a decline in glucose below basal levels at 1400 h (P < 0.05). Before 1400 h, no difference in the frequency of posture changes was observed between treatments. After 1400 h, the frequency of posture changes increased more in L-sows than in H-sows. We concluded that sugarbeet pulp as a source of fermentable dietary fiber stabilizes glucose and insulin levels and reduces physical activity in limited-fed sows several hours after feeding. This may indicate a prolonged feeling of satiety.
John A de Leeuw; Age W Jongbloed; Martin W A Verstegen
Related Documents :
1499475 - Short-term effect of red wine (consumed during meals) on insulin requirement and glucos...
20610595 - The effect of a high-fat meal on postprandial arterial stiffness in men with obesity an...
2203255 - Water volume and consumption time: influence on the glycemic and insulinemic responses ...
15173415 - Dietary fiber stabilizes blood glucose and insulin levels and reduces physical activity...
8989735 - Impaired inactive to active kallikrein conversion in human salt-sensitive hypertension.
17161225 - Association of the c825t polymorphism of the g-protein beta3 subunit gene with hyperten...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  134     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-02     Completed Date:  2004-07-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1481-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Animal Sciences Group of Wageningen UR, Nutrition and Food, Lelystad, The Netherlands.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Blood Glucose / metabolism*
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage,  metabolism,  pharmacology*
Insulin / blood*
Motor Activity / drug effects*
Postprandial Period
Swine / blood,  physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 11061-68-0/Insulin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Increased lipogenesis and fatty acid reesterification contribute to hepatic triacylglycerol stores i...
Next Document:  Dietary antibiotic growth promoters enhance the bioavailability of alpha-tocopheryl acetate in broil...