Document Detail


Dietary fat is not a major determinant of body fat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12566139     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The percentage of energy from fat in diets has been thought to be an important determinant of body fat, and several mechanisms have been proposed. Comparisons of diets and the prevalence of obesity between affluent and poor countries have been used to support this relationship, but these contrasts are seriously confounded by differences in physical activity and food availability. Within areas of similar economic development, regional intake of fat and prevalence of obesity have not been positively correlated. Randomized trials are the preferable method to evaluate the effect of dietary fat on adiposity and are feasible because the number of subjects needed is not large. In short-term trials, a modest reduction in body weight is typically seen in individuals randomized to diets with a lower percentage of calories from fat. However, compensatory mechanisms appear to operate, because in randomized trials lasting >or=1 year, fat consumption within the range of 18% to 40% of energy appears to have little if any effect on body fatness. The weighted mean difference was -0.25 kg overall and +1.8 kg (i.e., less weight loss on the low-fat diets) for trials with a control group that received a comparable intensity intervention. Moreover, within the United States, a substantial decline in the percentage of energy from fat during the last 2 decades has corresponded with a massive increase in the prevalence of obesity. Diets high in fat do not appear to be the primary cause of the high prevalence of excess body fat in our society, and reductions in fat will not be a solution.
Authors:
Walter C Willett; Rudolph L Leibel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of medicine     Volume:  113 Suppl 9B     ISSN:  0002-9343     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Med.     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-02-04     Completed Date:  2003-02-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0267200     Medline TA:  Am J Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  47S-59S     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue
Body Weight*
Diet
Diet, Fat-Restricted
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Energy Intake
Energy Metabolism
Female
Humans
Male
Obesity / epidemiology,  etiology*,  genetics
Prevalence
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Time Factors
Weight Loss
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK30583/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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