Document Detail

Dietary factors and hyperactivity: a failure to replicate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3900286     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Recent research suggests that sucrose consumption may be a factor in children's hyperactivity. Yet, the manner in which hyperactive behavior was assessed confounded hyperactivity and aggression, thereby reducing the conceptual validity of the findings. In addition, accepting a probability level of 0.06 as significant with 36 correlations, and using grams rather than portions as an index of food consumption might have contributed to a Type I error. When these three issues were addressed in the present study, no significant relationships emerged between sucrose consumption and hyperactivity or aggression assessed as separate dimensions. The age of the hyperactive children in this sample (M = 9.15 years) contrasted with that of the original research (M = 6 years 2 months) and this may contribute to the differential results. Suggestions for further research are outlined, and the need to separate hyperactive children according to whether they receive stimulant medication or not, and assess attention deficit disorders in addition to behavioral components of hyperactivity are stressed.
J Barling; G Bullen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of genetic psychology     Volume:  146     ISSN:  0022-1325     ISO Abbreviation:  J Genet Psychol     Publication Date:  1985 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-11-19     Completed Date:  1985-11-19     Revised Date:  2007-03-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985112R     Medline TA:  J Genet Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  117-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / etiology*
Dietary Carbohydrates / adverse effects*
Dietary Proteins
Sucrose / adverse effects*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Proteins; 57-50-1/Sucrose

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