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Dietary factors associated with overweight and body adiposity in Finnish children aged 6-8 years: the PANIC Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22665136     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives:To investigate the associations of dietary factors with overweight, body fat percentage (BF%), waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference (HC) among children.Design:Cross-sectional analysis of the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children (PANIC) Study among 510 children (263 boys, 247 girls) aged 6-8 years from Kuopio, Finland.Methods:The children's weight, height, WC and HC were measured. Overweight was defined by International Obesity Task Force body mass index cutoffs. The BF% was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, nutrient intakes and meal frequency by 4-day food records and eating behaviour by Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire.Results:Daily consumption of all the three main meals was inversely associated with overweight (odds ratio (OR) 0.37, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.18-0.75), BF% (β -0.12, P=0.012), WC (β -0.16, P=0.002) and HC (β -0.15, P=0.002). Enjoyment of food, food responsiveness and emotional overeating were directly associated with overweight (OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.04-2.35; OR 4.68, 95% CI 2.90-7.54; OR 2.60, 95% CI 1.52-4.45, respectively), BF% (β 0.13, P=0.004; β 0.30, P<0.001; β 0.09, P=0.035, respectively), WC (β 0.14, P=0.003; β 0.40, P<0.001; β 0.19, P<0.001, respectively) and HC (β 0.15, P=0.001; β 0.38, P<0.001; β 0.15, P=0.001, respectively). Satiety responsiveness was inversely associated with overweight (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.26-0.67), BF% (β -0.20, P<0.001), WC (β -0.26, P<0.001) and HC (β -0.26, P<0.001). Slowness in eating was inversely associated with overweight (OR 0.61, 95% CI 0.41-0.92), WC (β -0.16, P=0.001) and HC (β -0.17, P<0.001). Protein intake was directly associated with BF% (β 0.11, P=0.017), WC (β 0.11, P=0.020) and HC (β 0.13, P=0.008).Conclusions:Promoting regular consumption of main meals and healthy eating behaviours should be emphasized in the prevention of overweight among children. More research is needed on the association of protein-rich foods with body adiposity in children.International Journal of Obesity advance online publication, 5 June 2012; doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.89.
Authors:
A-M Eloranta; V Lindi; U Schwab; T Tompuri; S Kiiskinen; H-M Lakka; T Laitinen; T A Lakka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of obesity (2005)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5497     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101256108     Medline TA:  Int J Obes (Lond)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1] Institute of Biomedicine, Physiology, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland [2] Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, Public Health, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
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