Document Detail

Dietary factors affecting iron status of children residing in rural West Virginia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18557494     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency among a group of infants (6 to 11.9 months) and toddlers (12 to 24 months) and to examine the relationship between dietary intake and iron status. Participants were recruited from WIC clinics in counties where the prevalence of anemia was high (>10%). Twenty-four hour recalls were used to determine dietary intake. Blood was analyzed for iron studies. Dietary factors were examined for their association with iron status using logistic regression analysis. No infants were iron deficient, but 12/39 (31%) toddlers were found to be iron deficient. Ferritin was significantly higher in infants compared to toddlers (44.2 microg/L v. 19.2 microg/L, p<0.001). Milk and calcium intakes were inversely associated with iron status. Each additional serving of meat increased the odds of normal iron status by about 30%. Meat intake may help to prevent iron deficiency during the transition to table foods.
Cindy W Fitch; Marci S Cannon; George E Seidel; Debra A Krummel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The West Virginia medical journal     Volume:  104     ISSN:  0043-3284     ISO Abbreviation:  W V Med J     Publication Date:    2008 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-18     Completed Date:  2008-08-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413777     Medline TA:  W V Med J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Human Nutrition and Foods, West Virginia University, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency / epidemiology*,  etiology
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Iron, Dietary*
Nutritional Status*
Rural Population*
West Virginia / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Iron, Dietary

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