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Dietary exposure to inorganic arsenic of the Hong Kong population: Results of the first Hong Kong Total Diet Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23104246     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Inorganic arsenic, a human carcinogen, can be found in the environment and food. In the first Hong Kong Total Diet Study, the dietary exposure of the Hong Kong people, including various age-gender subgroups, to inorganic arsenic was estimated for assessing the associated health risk. Food samples, which represented the Hong Kong people's diet, were collected and prepared "as consumed" for analysis. Concentrations of inorganic arsenic, as sum of arsenite (As(III)) and arsenate (As(V)) were determined in 600 composite samples by using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The dietary exposures were estimated by combining the analytical results with the local food consumption data of the adult population. The mean and 95th percentile of inorganic arsenic exposures of the Hong Kong people were 0.22 and 0.38 μg/kg body weight (bw)/day, respectively. Among the 12 age-gender subgroups, the respective exposures ranged from 0.19 to 0.26 μg/kg bw/day and from 0.33 to 0.46 μg/kg bw/day. The main food category that contributed inorganic arsenic was "cereals and their products" (53.5% of the total exposure), particularly rice. Having considered the carcinogenic risk of inorganic arsenic to humans, it is suggested that efforts should be made to reduce the inorganic arsenic exposure of the Hong Kong population.
Waiky W K Wong; Stephen W C Chung; Benny T P Chan; Y Y Ho; Ying Xiao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-6351     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Chem. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207483     Medline TA:  Food Chem Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Centre for Food Safety (CFS), Food and Environmental Hygiene Department (FEHD), 43/F, Queensway Government Offices, 66 Queensway, Hong Kong.
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