Document Detail

Dietary exposure of Thais to pesticides during 1989-1996.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11878592     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To monitor the exposure of the Thai to pesticide residues in foods, the intake of pesticides based on the total diet approach has been studied in Thailand continually since 1989. Food items were chosen and their proportions of daily consumption were calculated from the national food consumption survey conducted by the Department of Health in 1986. Seventy-seven items of food including drinking water were classified into 12 groups according to their sources of contamination and the analytical methods used. Shopping lists and standard procedures for collecting samples and cooking were developed. Twelve food composites from each of the 4 regions were analyzed for nearly 100 pesticides. All analyses used multiresidue analytical methods, and the total daily dietary intakes of pesticide residues were estimated from the average amount of food consumed by Thais. Among 24 pesticides found in the 8 year study, DDT, dimethoate, methamidophos, and parathion methyl were found every year. However, dietary intakes of all pesticides were far below the established acceptable daily intake. In 1999, the study methodology was redesigned to accommodate the new national food consumption survey data.
Amara Vongbuddhapitak; Kanokporn Atisook; Gobthong Thoophom; Boonpai Sungwaranond; Yuwadee Lertreungdej; Jitpaka Suntudrob; Ladda Kaewklapanyachareon
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of AOAC International     Volume:  85     ISSN:  1060-3271     ISO Abbreviation:  J AOAC Int     Publication Date:    2002 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-03-06     Completed Date:  2002-08-20     Revised Date:  2008-03-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9215446     Medline TA:  J AOAC Int     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  134-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Ministry of Public Health, Department of Medical Sciences, Nonthaburi, Thailand.
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MeSH Terms
Data Collection
Food Analysis*
Insecticides / analysis
Organophosphorus Compounds
Pesticide Residues / analysis
Pesticides / analysis*
Pyrethrins / analysis
Quality Control
Water Supply / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carbamates; 0/Insecticides; 0/Organophosphorus Compounds; 0/Pesticide Residues; 0/Pesticides; 0/Pyrethrins

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