Document Detail

Dietary energy density and body weight: is there a relationship?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15622713     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The energy density of foods and beverages is defined as the available energy per unit weight (kJ/g). Energy density of the diet is usually calculated excluding non-caloric beverages and drinking water. Because water contributes more to the weight of foods than any macronutrient, energy-dense foods are not necessarily those high in sugar or fat, but those that are dry. Evidence linking dietary energy density with body weight is critically evaluated in this review. Existing reports of a positive association between dietary energy density, higher energy intakes, and weight gain are based on laboratory and clinical studies. Although some cross-sectional epidemiological studies have linked dietary energy density with higher body mass index (BMI) values, the data are not consistent. At this time, there are no longitudinal cohort data linking dietary energy density with higher obesity risk.
Adam Drewnowski; Eva Almiron-Roig; Corinne Marmonier; Anne Lluch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition reviews     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0029-6643     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr. Rev.     Publication Date:  2004 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-29     Completed Date:  2005-01-25     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376405     Medline TA:  Nutr Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  403-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, 305 Raitt Hall #353410, Seattle, WA 98195-3410, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight / physiology*
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage,  metabolism
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage,  metabolism
Energy Intake*
Energy Metabolism
Food Analysis
Nutritive Value
Obesity / epidemiology,  etiology*
Risk Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats

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