Document Detail


Dietary digestible lysine requirements of male and female broilers from forty-nine to sixty-three days of age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18577620     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Experiments were conducted to evaluate digestible (dig) Lys requirements of male and female broiler chickens from 49 to 63 d of age. A dose-response diet consisting of corn, soybean meal, and corn gluten meal was formulated to be adequate in dig amino acid concentrations with the exception of Lys. L-Lysine . HCl was added to the dose-response diet to create 7 experimental diets. Concentrations of dig Lys of experimental diets ranged from 0.50 to 1.04% in increments of 0.09%. Variables measured consisted of standardized dietary Lys digestibility, feed intake, dig Lys intake, BW gain, feed conversion, mortality, abdominal fat weight and percentage, carcass weight and yield, and total breast meat weight and yield. In experiment 1, dig Lys of the dose-response diet was determined as 0.51% with cecectomized roosters. In experiment 2, dig Lys requirements of male broilers for BW gain, feed conversion, breast meat weight, and breast meat yield were 0.86, 0.88, 0.90, and 0.90%, respectively, based on 95% of the responses. From 49 to 63 d of age, male broilers optimized growth and meat yield measurements with approximately 3.0 g of dig Lys intake. In experiment 3, dig Lys requirements of female broilers were estimated as 0.79 and 0.83%, respectively, for BW gain and feed conversion. Digestible Lys intake necessary to optimize growth performance was 2.8 g/bird during 49 to 63 d of age. These results indicate that dig Lys requirements for male broilers were 0.87 and 0.90% of the diet, respectively, for growth performance and breast meat yield. Conversely, the dig dietary Lys requirement for females was 0.81% based only on growth performance.
Authors:
W A Dozier; A Corzo; M T Kidd; M W Schilling
Publication Detail:
Type:  Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-25     Completed Date:  2008-10-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1385-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
USDA, Agriculture Research Service, Poultry Research Unit, Mississippi 39762, USA. bill.dozier@ars.usda.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aging / physiology*
Animal Feed
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals
Chickens / growth & development*,  metabolism*
Diet / veterinary
Digestion / physiology*
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Female
Lysine / pharmacology*
Male
Nutritional Requirements*
Sex Characteristics
Weight Gain
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
56-87-1/Lysine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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