Document Detail

Dietary changes and their possible effect on blood pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2986449     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In this summary, the authors have attempted to examine reports of associations between various dietary habits and practices on one hand, and serum lipids or clinical disease on the other hand. There seems to be little doubt that both hypertension and ischemic heart disease have a nutritional background, but in all likelihood, there are other factors such as hereditary traits, occupational hazards, and perhaps personal habits including cigarette smoking, alcohol abuse and prolonged ingestion of medicinal drugs. One of the strongest correlates seems to be the role of complex carbohydrates in regulating blood lipid concentrations. Carbohydrates not only have an effect on the endocrine system that regulates blood volume, but they also influence absorption of fat soluble substances from the digestive tract and if natural fiber is included, it has an effect on fecal bulk, transit time of the fecal stream, and reabsorption of bile acids and neutral sterols. Epidemiologically, there is some evidence that the changes that occurred in the American diet in the years between 1914-1944 may well have played a permissive role in the genesis of a portion of the coronary heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke that occurred in the United States. It is not too farfetched to suggest that had the American servicemen been given more cereal food products including bread and other baked food items, instead of excessive amounts of meat and fats, the dietary pattern of America might well have been substantially different. Furthermore, this difference could easily have influenced the pattern of atherosclerosis and hypertension. A great deal more work is needed to confirm or refute these suggestions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
R E Hodges; T Rebello
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1985 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-06-06     Completed Date:  1985-06-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1155-62     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Cholesterol / blood
Coronary Disease / epidemiology
Diet* / trends
Diet, Sodium-Restricted
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Hypertension / epidemiology
United States
Vegetable Proteins / administration & dosage
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Vegetable Proteins; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

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