Document Detail

Dietary arsenic intakes in the United States: FDA Total Diet Study, September 1991-December 1996.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10755138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The FDA has conducted the Total Dietary Study (TDS), a yearly market basket programme, since 1961. It is designed to monitor the levels of toxic chemical contaminants (pesticide residues, industrial and elemental contaminants) and essential nutrients in the US food supply. It also provides information on trends in dietary concentrations and exposures for the general population. Foods are collected from retail stores once a year from each of four geographic areas of the US and are analysed either after preparation/cooking or as ready-to-eat. The latest TDS (1991-1997) data show that arsenic (inorganic and organic, > or = 0.03 ppm) was found in 63 (24%) of the 261-264 foods/mixed dishes analysed. The highest concentration was found in seafood, followed by rice/rice cereal, mushrooms, and poultry. Based on the United States Department of Agriculture's 1987-1988 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey, the estimated daily total arsenic average intakes, in microgram/day, are: 2 for infants, 23 for toddlers, 20 for 6-year-old children, 13 for 10-year-old children, 15 for 14-16-year-old boys, 21 for 14-16-year-old girls, 57 for 25-30-year-old men, 28 for 25-30-year-old women, 47 for 40-45-year-old men, 37 for 40-45-year-old women, 92 for 60-65-year-old men, 72 for 60-65-year-old women, 69 for 70-year-old men, and 42 for 70-year-old women. Of the estimated total arsenic intakes for infants, 42% arise from seafood and 31% from rice/rice cereals. Of the estimated total arsenic intakes, seafood contributes 76-90% for children (2-10-year olds), 79-85% for 14-16-year olds, and 89-96% for adults (> or = 25-30-year olds); rice/rice cereals contributes 4-8% for children, 8% for 14-16-year olds, and 1-4% for adults (> or = 25-30-year olds).
S S Tao; P M Bolger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives and contaminants     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0265-203X     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam     Publication Date:  1999 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-05-04     Completed Date:  2000-05-04     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500474     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  465-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, Washington, DC 20204, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Arsenic / administration & dosage*
Child, Preschool
Diet Surveys
Food Contamination*
Middle Aged
Oryza sativa / chemistry
Reference Values
Seafood / analysis
Sex Factors
United States
United States Food and Drug Administration
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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