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Dietary acculturation and increasing rates of obesity in Ethiopian women living in Israel.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21763107     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Immigration from Third World countries to the developed world is characterized by modification of lifestyle and acculturation to local customs. This study investigated changes in nutritional status and eating behaviors in female Ethiopian immigrants in Israel. METHODS: Personal interviews, two 24-h dietary recalls, and anthropometric measurements were carried out in a random sample of 53 women 32 ± 6 y of age. RESULTS: After living in Israel for an average of 14 y, body mass index was similar to the general Israeli population, with 42% of participants with a body mass index greater than 24.9 kg/m(2), including 11% categorized as obese. This is in stark contrast to the body mass index measured at arrival in Israel (∼19-20 kg/m(2)). Less than optimal consumption of dietary fiber, calcium, folate, and B12 was documented. Analysis by food groups showed that intake of dairy products, fruits, and vegetables was negligible, whereas simple sugar intakes were high. The women continued to prepare traditional Ethiopian foods but also incorporated local, less healthy foods into their diets. Compared with the high energy expenditure in rural Ethiopia, participants reported minimal physical activity in Israel. CONCLUSIONS: This immigrant community is at high risk for developing nutrition-related chronic diseases. Culturally sensitive nutrition education programs are urgently needed.
Authors:
Hadas Regev-Tobias; Ram Reifen; Ronit Endevelt; Ofra Havkin; Erica Cohen; Gila Stern; Aliza Stark
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-1244     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802712     Medline TA:  Nutrition     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Rehovot, Israel.
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