Document Detail

Dietary restraint and control over "wanting" following consumption of "forbidden" food.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20186140     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Eating behavior can be influenced by the rewarding value of food, i.e., "liking" and "wanting." The objective of this study was to assess in normal-weight dietary restrained (NR) vs. unrestrained (NU) eaters how rewarding value of food is affected by satiety, and by eating a nonhealthy perceived, dessert-specific food vs. a healthy perceived, neutral food (chocolate mousse vs. cottage cheese). Subjects (24NR age = 25.0 ± 8.2 years, BMI = 22.3 ± 2.1 kg/m(2); 26NU age = 24.8 ± 8.0 years, BMI = 22.1 ± 1.7 kg/m(2)) came to the university twice, fasted (randomized crossover design). Per test-session "liking" and "wanting" for 72 items divided in six categories (bread, filling, drinks, dessert, sweets, stationery (placebo)) was measured, before and after consumption of chocolate mousse/cottage cheese, matched for energy content (5.6 kJ/g) and individual daily energy requirements (10%). Chocolate mousse was liked more than cottage cheese (P < 0.05). After consumption of chocolate mousse or cottage cheese, appetite and "liking" vs. placebo were decreased in NR and NU (P < 0.03), whereas "wanting" was only decreased in NR vs. NU (P ≤ 0.01). In NR vs. NU "wanting" was specifically decreased after chocolate mousse vs. cottage cheese; this decrease concerned especially "wanting" for bread and filling (P < 0.05). To conclude, despite similar decreases in appetite and "liking" after a meal in NR and NU, NR decrease "wanting" in contrast to NU. NR decrease "wanting" specifically for a nonhealthy perceived, "delicious," dessert-specific food vs. a nutritional identical, yet healthy perceived, slightly less "delicious," "neutral" food. A healthy perceived food may thus impose greater risk for control of energy intake in NR.
Sofie G Lemmens; Jurriaan M Born; Femke Rutters; Paul F Schoffelen; Loek Wouters; Margriet S Westerterp-Plantenga
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2010-02-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1930-739X     ISO Abbreviation:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-27     Completed Date:  2011-03-24     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264860     Medline TA:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1926-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index
Choice Behavior*
Cross-Over Studies
Dietary Fats
Dietary Sucrose
Energy Intake
Feeding Behavior / psychology
Food Deprivation*
Food Preferences / psychology*
Middle Aged
Reference Values
Satiety Response*
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Sucrose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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