Document Detail

Dietary PUFA intakes in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19631022     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Research has shown associations between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and erythrocyte long-chain n-3 PUFA (LC n-3 PUFA) levels, with limited evidence for dietary LC n-3 PUFA intake and ADHD. The aims of the present study were to assess dietary PUFA intakes and food sources in children with ADHD, to compare these intakes to previously published Australian National Nutrition Survey (NNS) data and determine any relationships between intakes and ADHD symptoms. Eighty-six 3-d-weighed food records (FR) were analysed from children with ADHD. The median (interquartile range) daily intakes of fatty acids (mg/d) were: linoleic acid (18 : 2n-6), 7797 (6240-12 333); arachidonic acid (20 : 4n-6), 55 (27.0-93); total n-6 PUFA, 7818 (6286-10 662); alpha-linolenic acid (18 : 3n-3), 1039 (779-1461); EPA (20 : 5n-3), 18 (6.0-32.0); docosapentaenoic acid (22 : 5n-3), 17 (6.3-39.3); DHA (22 : 6n-3), 16 (8.5-445); total LC n-3 PUFA (addition of 20 : 5n-3, 22 : 5n-3 and 22 : 6n-3), 65 (28.3-120.1); total n-3 PUFA, 1151 (876-1592). In comparison to the NNS data, 18 : 3n-3 intakes were higher and 20 : 4n-6 were lower (P < 0.05). Children with ADHD consumed half the amount of fish/seafood, meat and eggs when compared to the NNS (P < 0.05). No significant correlations were found between fatty acids and ADHD symptoms. Children with ADHD met the adequate intake for LC n-3 PUFA, but fell short of other recommendations.
Ka-Hung Ng; Barbara J Meyer; Lauren Reece; Natalie Sinn
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-07-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  102     ISSN:  1475-2662     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-01     Completed Date:  2010-01-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1635-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Anthropometry / methods
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / etiology*
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology
Diet Records
Fatty Acids, Omega-3 / administration & dosage
Fatty Acids, Omega-6 / administration & dosage
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / administration & dosage*
Food Habits
Nutrition Surveys
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids, Omega-3; 0/Fatty Acids, Omega-6; 0/Fatty Acids, Unsaturated

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