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Dietary Nitrate and O(2) Consumption during Exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23075552     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Recent studies have investigated the influence of dietary nitrate supplementation on the physiological responses to exercise. Specifically, it has been reported that enhancing nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability through supplementation of the diet with nitrate salts or nitrate-rich beetroot juice reduces the O(2) cost of exercise and improves exercise performance. The lower O(2) cost for a given sub-maximal work rate following nitrate ingestion indicates that muscle efficiency is enhanced either as a consequence of a reduced energy cost of contraction or enhanced mitochondrial efficiency. The positive effects of nitrate supplementation on the O(2) cost of sub-maximal exercise can be manifested acutely (i.e. 2.5 h following ingestion) and maintained for at least 15 days if supplementation is continued. Most recently, the influence of dietary nitrate supplementation on time trial performance in competitive cyclists has been investigated. Studies have shown a 1-2% reduction in the time to complete time trial distances between 4 and 16 km. The dose of nitrate that has been shown to improve exercise efficiency can readily be achieved through the consumption of 0.5 litre of beetroot juice or an equivalent high-nitrate foodstuff. Following a 5- to 6-mmol bolus of nitrate, plasma [nitrite] typically peaks within 2-3 h and remains elevated for a further 6-9 h before declining towards baseline. Therefore, consuming nitrate approximately 3 h prior to competition or training is recommended if athletes wish to explore the ergogenic potential of nitrate supplementation.
Andrew M Jones; Stephen J Bailey; Anni Vanhatalo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and sport science     Volume:  59     ISSN:  1662-2812     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sport Sci     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8402440     Medline TA:  Med Sport Sci     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  29-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, St. Luke's Campus, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.
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