Document Detail


Dietary Agonists of TRPV1 Inhibit Gastric Acid Secretion in Mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23047250     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Capsaicin and 6-gingerol, pungent components of chilli pepper and ginger, are known as dietary agonists of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1. Transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 nerve fibers are recognized to play a role in gastric mucosal integrity in rats. In the present studies, we examined the acute effects of peroral administration of capsaicin and 6-gingerol on gastric acid secretion in conscious mice. These agents were given p. o. 30 min before the pylorus was ligated. Oral administration of capsaicin (1.0-100 mg/kg) or 6-gingerol (1.5-50 mg/kg) significantly and dose-dependently inhibited basal acid secretion. Pretreatment with BCTC, a transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 antagonist, significantly reversed the reduced basal acid secretion by capsaicin or 6-gingerol. The combination of the lowest doses of capsaicin and 6-gingerol markedly inhibited basal acid secretion in conscious mice and this was also significantly reversed by BCTC. Moreover, the combination of the maximal dose of capsaicin and 6-gingerol inhibited basal acid secretion only to the level of a single administration of the maximal dose of capsaicin. These results suggest that the combination of capsaicin and 6-gingerol has an additive effect on the inhibition of gastric acid secretion through activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1. In separate experiments, intraduodenal administration of either capsaicin (30 mg/kg) or 6-gingerol (15 mg/kg), whose doses were observed to have a significant inhibitory effect by oral administration, tended to inhibit basal acid secretion compared with the vehicle. These results suggest that the combination of capsaicin and 6-gingerol has an additive effect on inhibition of gastric acid secretion through activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1, and oral administration of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 agonists directly stimulates transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 in the gastric lumen, resulting in a potent reduction of gastric acid secretion.
Authors:
Hirokuni Okumi; Kimihito Tashima; Kenjiro Matsumoto; Takao Namiki; Katsutoshi Terasawa; Syunji Horie
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Planta medica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-0221     ISO Abbreviation:  Planta Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0066751     Medline TA:  Planta Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Josai International University, Togane, Chiba, Japan.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effect of costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone on cell cycle, apoptosis, and ABC transporter expres...
Next Document:  LC-MS N-alkylamide Profiling of an Ethanolic Anacyclus pyrethrum Root Extract.