Document Detail


Diet-specific social support among rural adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17606247     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The relationships among primary sources of social support in adolescents' environments (family and friends) and eating behaviors (fat and fiber consumption) were examined in a sample of rural adolescents.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional baseline health surveys were administered in classrooms as part of a larger randomized trial evaluating a cancer education program.
SETTING: Data were collected in middle schools drawn from 22 rural counties in Virginia and New York.
PARTICIPANTS: 1942 sixth graders with a modal age of 12 years, roughly equal gender distribution, and racially diverse (53% white, 37% black).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Variables included a 10-item scale of social support from family and friends for healthy eating, a brief food frequency questionnaire estimating daily grams of fat and fiber intake, and demographics (age, gender, race).
ANALYSIS: Hierarchical multiple regressions and analyses of variance (ANOVAs).
RESULTS: Controlling for demographics, family and friend support were found to significantly predict fat (P < .05) and fiber (P < .01) intake. Black respondents reported higher support from friends than did white adolescents (F = 47.49, P < .01).
IMPLICATIONS FOR RESEARCH AND PRACTICE: Support for healthful eating was related to healthful dietary practices and differed among racial subgroups. Identifying and fostering sources of positive support for healthful eating is critical to developing effective health promotion programs targeting high-risk adolescents.
Authors:
Cassandra A Stanton; Scott L Green; Elizabeth A Fries
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1499-4046     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Publication Date:    2007 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-03     Completed Date:  2007-08-14     Revised Date:  2014-09-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132622     Medline TA:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  214-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Child
Child Nutrition Sciences
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage*
Female
Humans
Male
New York
Regression Analysis
Rural Population*
Social Support*
Virginia
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5R01CA069220/CA/NCI NIH HHS; F32 CA088457/CA/NCI NIH HHS; F32 CA088457-02/CA/NCI NIH HHS; K07 CA095623/CA/NCI NIH HHS; K07 CA095623-01A2/CA/NCI NIH HHS; K07CA95623/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 CA069220-05/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats
Comments/Corrections

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