Document Detail

Diet and risk of endometriosis in a population-based case-control study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20875189     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Diet plausibly has a role in the aetiology of endometriosis through effects on steroid hormone levels; however, few published studies have examined the diet and endometriosis risk. We evaluated dietary risk factors for endometriosis in a population-based case-control study. Cases were 284 Group Health (GH) enrollees aged 18-49 years with newly diagnosed, surgically confirmed endometriosis between 1996 and 2001. Controls were 660 randomly selected age-matched female GH enrollees without a history of endometriosis. Nutrients and selected food groups were assessed using the Women's Health Initiative FFQ. OR of endometriosis risk associated with dietary exposures were estimated using unconditional logistic regression and adjusted for identified covariates. Increased total fat consumption was associated with decreased endometriosis risk (fourth quartile v. lowest: OR 0·5, 95% CI 0·2, 1·0, P-trend = 0·12). Increased β-carotene consumption and servings/d of fruit were associated with increased risk (β-carotene third quartile v. lowest: OR 1·7, 95% CI 1·1, 2·6; fourth quartile v. lowest: OR 1·6, 95% CI 1·0, 2·5, P-trend 0·16; fruit >2 servings/d v. < 1: OR 1·5, 95% CI 1·0, 2·3, P-trend = 0·04). We also found a suggestion of decreased endometriosis risk associated with the consumption of dairy products (2 servings/d v. ≤ 1: OR 0·6, >2 servings/d v. ≤ 1: OR 0·7), but this association was not statistically significant for the highest tertile. The present study suggests that specific dietary components may be associated with endometriosis risk.
Britton Trabert; Ulrike Peters; Anneclaire J De Roos; Delia Scholes; Victoria L Holt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-09-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  105     ISSN:  1475-2662     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-25     Completed Date:  2011-02-23     Revised Date:  2013-07-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  459-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
Dairy Products / adverse effects*
Diet / adverse effects*
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Endometriosis / etiology*
Fruit / adverse effects*
Middle Aged
Odds Ratio
Risk Factors
United States
Young Adult
beta Carotene / administration & dosage,  adverse effects*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 7235-40-7/beta Carotene

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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