Document Detail


Diet and physical activity in patients with colorectal adenomas: directions for intervention programmes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18631284     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Screening programmes provide an opportunity to combine early detection programmes with prevention strategies for chronic disease risk reduction. The aim of the current exploratory research was to identify diet and activity habits in adults diagnosed with colorectal adenomas on screening colonoscopy in order to inform the development of an intervention study in this patient group. METHODS: Participants were recruited from colonoscopy clinics and completed a 7-day food diary and physical activity record. RESULTS: Valid food diaries were completed by 32 participants. Mean daily intake of nonstarch polysaccharide was estimated at 14.2 (SD 4.2) g per day and fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) at 3.6 (SD 1.9) portions. The highest quartile of FVI consumers reported greater consumption of fruit (on any occasion) and vegetables (at evening meal) compared with low FVI consumers. Physical activity records (n = 36) indicated that walking was the most common method of activity with few indications of leisure time sport. Overall, 37% of participants failed to meet minimum recommend activity levels. CONCLUSION: The magnitudes of change in activity and diet required to conform with current guidelines were estimated. Food habits that were pertinent to the population were identified and help to provide goal-based guidance for intervention design.
Authors:
S Caswell; A S Anderson; R J C Steele
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-07-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1365-277X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hum Nutr Diet     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-29     Completed Date:  2009-01-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904840     Medline TA:  J Hum Nutr Diet     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  494-501     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Public Health Nutrition Research, Ninewells Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK. s.caswell@dundee.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adenoma / epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Aged
Animals
Colonoscopy
Colorectal Neoplasms / epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Diet*
Diet Records
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Energy Intake
Exercise*
Female
Fruit
Humans
Male
Meat
Middle Aged
Scotland / epidemiology
Vegetables
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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