Document Detail


Diet and cimetidine induce comparable changes in theophylline metabolism in normal subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2029998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study compared the effects of diet and cimetidine on theophylline metabolism and examined interactions between these effects. Twelve men received a high-protein diet for 15 days and at another time a high-carbohydrate diet also for 15 days. Cimetidine, 800 mg daily at bedtime, was administered on days 10 through 15 of each dietary period. Theophylline metabolism was studied after the administration of a single intravenous 3 mg/kg dose on days 8 and 15 of each dietary period. Changing from a high-protein to a high-carbohydrate diet decreased theophylline clearance by about the same extent (30% +/- 10%) as treatment with cimetidine (37% +/- 5% during a high-protein diet and 30% +/- 5% during a high-carbohydrate diet). Cimetidine did not significantly influence the effects of diet on theophylline clearance. Conversely, dietary composition did not influence the degree of inhibition of theophylline metabolism induced by cimetidine. Depending on the direction of the change in protein/carbohydrate ratio, the effects of diet and cimetidine treatment were either additive (theophylline clearance was most prolonged during the high-carbohydrate regimen with concurrent cimetidine administration) or counteractive (increasing the dietary protein/carbohydrate ratio at least partially counteracted the inhibitory effect of cimetidine). In individual subjects, effects of cimetidine on theophylline metabolism were somewhat more consistent than diet-induced changes. The results are further evidence that diet and drugs can have similar effects on hepatic drug metabolism rates in humans. Variations in diet over time and individual differences in responses to diet may provide the potential for considerable instability of drug metabolism rates in free-living subjects.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
K E Anderson; R B McCleery; E S Vesell; F F Vickers; A Kappas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0270-9139     ISO Abbreviation:  Hepatology     Publication Date:  1991 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-06-17     Completed Date:  1991-06-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8302946     Medline TA:  Hepatology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  941-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77550.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cimetidine / pharmacology*
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Half-Life
Humans
Liver / drug effects,  metabolism*
Male
Theophylline / pharmacokinetics*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
ES-01055/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; FD-R-000307/FD/FDA HHS; FD-R-000405/FD/FDA HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Proteins; 51481-61-9/Cimetidine; 58-55-9/Theophylline

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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