Document Detail

Diet- and body size-related attitudes and behaviors associated with vitamin supplement use in a representative sample of fourth-grade students in Texas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19304254     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine diet- and body size-related attitudes and behaviors associated with supplement use in a representative sample of fourth-grade students in Texas.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the School Physical Activity and Nutrition study, a probability-based sample of schoolchildren. Children completed a questionnaire that assessed supplement use, food choices, diet-related attitudes, and physical activity; height and weight were measured.
SETTING: School classrooms.
PARTICIPANTS: Representative sample of fourth-grade students in Texas (n = 5967; mean age = 9.7 years standard error of the mean [SEM] = .03 years, 46% Hispanic, 11% African-American).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Previous day vitamin supplement consumption, diet- and body size-related attitudes, food choices, demographic factors, and physical activity.
ANALYSIS: Multivariable logistic regression models, P < .05.
RESULTS: The prevalence of supplement use was 29%. Supplement intake was associated with physical activity. Girls who used supplements were more likely to report positive body image and greater interest in trying new food. Relative to nonusers, supplement users were less likely to perceive that they always ate healthful food, although supplement use was associated with more healthful food choices in boys and girls (P < .001).
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The widespread use of supplements and clustering of supplement use with healthful diet and greater physical activity in fourth graders suggest that supplement use be closely investigated in studies of diet-disease precursor relations and lifestyle factors in children.
Goldy C George; Deanna M Hoelscher; Theresa A Nicklas; Steven H Kelder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1878-2620     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Publication Date:    2009 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-23     Completed Date:  2009-08-04     Revised Date:  2014-05-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132622     Medline TA:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  95-102     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Body Size
Child Behavior / psychology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Food Habits* / ethnology
Health Behavior* / ethnology
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Logistic Models
Motor Activity
Vitamins / administration & dosage*
Grant Support
#2R25CA57712/CA/NCI NIH HHS; #U58/CCU619293-01//PHS HHS; R25 CA057712/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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