Document Detail


Diet, alcohol consumption, and serum lipid levels of the middle-aged and elderly in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18420116     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Bai Ku Yao is an isolated subgroup of the Yao minority in China. The special customs and cultures including their clothing, intraethnic marriages, corn wine and rum intakes are still completely conserved to the present day. Little is known about the association of diet and alcohol consumption with serum lipid levels in this population. The aim of this study was to compare the differences in diet, alcohol consumption, and serum lipid levels of the middle-aged and elderly between the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations. A total of 485 subjects of Bai Ku Yao and 501 participants of Han Chinese aged 40 and over were surveyed by a stratified randomized cluster sampling. Information on dietary intake and alcohol consumption was collected by standard questionnaires. Serum lipid levels were measured. Education level, height, weight, body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, hypertension, and total energy, fat, protein, dietary cholesterol, and salt intakes were lower in Bai Ku Yao than in Han (P < .05-.001), whereas physical activity level, carbohydrate, vegetal protein, and total dietary fiber intakes were higher in Bai Ku Yao than in Han (P < .001 for all). Serum total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein (Apo) A1, and Apo B levels were lower in Bai Ku Yao than in Han (P < .001 for all). The levels of triglyceride, HDL-C, Apo A1, and the ratio of Apo A1 to Apo B in Bai Ku Yao were higher, but the levels of LDL-C and Apo B were lower in drinkers than in nondrinkers. The levels of triglyceride, HDL-C, LDL-C, Apo A1, Apo B, and the ratio of Apo A1 to Apo B in Bai Ku Yao were also influenced by the amount of alcohol consumed (P < .05-.001). High-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in Han were higher and LDL-C levels were lower in drinkers than in nondrinkers (P < .01 for each). Serum total cholesterol, HDL-C, and LDL-C levels in Han were also associated with the amount of alcohol consumed (P < .05-.001). The differences in the lipid levels between the two ethnic groups may partially attribute to the differences in dietary habits and alcohol consumption.
Authors:
Yin Ruixing; Pan Shangling; Chen Hong; Yang Hanjun; Wu Hai; Chen Yuming; Wu Jinzhen; Huang Feng; Li Meng; Li Muyan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0741-8329     ISO Abbreviation:  Alcohol     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-18     Completed Date:  2008-06-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502311     Medline TA:  Alcohol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  219-29     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, 22 Shuangyong Road, Nanning, Guangxi, P. R. China. yinruixing@yahoo.com.cn
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
Alcoholic Beverages
Apolipoproteins / blood
China / epidemiology
Diet*
Dietary Fiber
Ethnic Groups
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Hyperlipidemias / blood,  epidemiology
Life Style
Lipids / blood*
Male
Marriage
Middle Aged
Population
Risk Factors
Wine
Zea mays
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Apolipoproteins; 0/Lipids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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