Document Detail

Dieckol Isolated from <i>Ecklonia cava</i> Protects against High-Glucose Induced Damage to Rat Insulinoma Cells by Reducing Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22878185     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Pancreatic β cells are very sensitive to oxidative stress and this might play an important role in β cell death with diabetes. The protective effect of dieckol, one of the phlorotannin polyphenol compounds purified from Ecklonia cava (E. cava), against high glucose-induced oxidative stress was investigated by using rat insulinoma cells. A high-glucose (30 mM) treatment induced the death of rat insulinoma cells, but dieckol, at a concentration 17.5 or 70 µM, significantly inhibited the high-glucose induced glucotoxicity. Treatment with dieckol also dose-dependently reduced thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the nitric oxide level increased by a high glucose concentration. In addition, the dieckol treatment increased the activities of antioxidative enzymes including catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) in high glucose-pretreated rat insulinoma cells. Dieckol protected rat insulinoma cells damage under high glucose conditions. These effects were mediated by suppressing apoptosis and were associated with increased anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression, and reduced pro-apoptotic cleaved caspase-3 expression. These findings indicate that dieckol might be useful as a potential pharmaceutical agent to protect against the glucotoxicity caused by hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress associated with diabetes.
Seung-Hong Lee; Mi-Hwa Park; Sung-Myung Kang; Seok-Chun Ko; Min-Cheol Kang; Seungmok Cho; Pyo-Jam Park; Byong-Tae Jeon; Se-Kwon Kim; Ji-Sook Han; You-Jin Jeon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1347-6947     ISO Abbreviation:  Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205717     Medline TA:  Biosci Biotechnol Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Marine Life Science, Jeju National University.
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