Document Detail

Diarrhea in nontravelers: risk and etiology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16267716     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Acute diarrheal illnesses in nontravelers are common and represent a significant health and economic burden in the United States and other developed countries. The likelihood of experiencing diarrhea is increased many fold during travel to developing countries. Extensive overlap exists in the pathogens that cause diarrhea in travelers and nontravelers, although proportions differ and show variation by geographic area and by season, and they change over time. Rates of infection are highest in infants and young children, in whom viral pathogens predominate. Person-to-person transmission may account for more than one-half of cases. In contrast, in many studies, bacterial infections predominate in travelers, who often acquire infection from contaminated food and water. Because of the globalization of the food supply, clinicians in developed countries should expect to continue to see sporadic cases and outbreaks of diarrhea caused by unusual pathogens, such as Cyclospora species.
Mary E Wilson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America     Volume:  41 Suppl 8     ISSN:  1537-6591     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-11-03     Completed Date:  2007-01-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203213     Medline TA:  Clin Infect Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S541-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health, Mount Auburn Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Diarrhea / epidemiology*,  microbiology*
Risk Factors
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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