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Diallyl sulfide, diallyl disulfide, and diallyl trisulfide inhibit migration and invasion in human colon cancer colo 205 cells through the inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase-2, -7, and -9 expressions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21695758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Diallyl sulfide (DAS), diallyl disulfide (DADS), and diallyl trisulfide (DATS) are major organosulfur compounds exiting in garlic (Allium sativum). These compounds are reported to exhibit various pharmacological properties such as antibacteria, antiangiogenesis, anticancer, and anticoagulation, and they also induce cytotoxicity and induction of apoptosis in human cancer cells. Although these compounds show wide spectrum of biological activities, there are no reports to show that DAS, DADS, and DATS affected migration and invasion of human colon cancer cells, and their exact molecular mechanisms are not well investigated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether DAS, DADS, and DATS affected the invasion and migration abilities of colo 205 human colon cancer cells. The results indicate that DAS, DADS, and DATS at 10 and 25 μM inhibited the migration and invasion of colo 205 cells in the order of DATS < DADS < DAS. DATS is the highest for inhibition of migration and invasion of colo 205 cells. DAS, DADS, and DATS induce downregulation expression of PI3K, Ras, MEKK3, MKK7, ERK1/2, JNK1/2, and p38 and then lead to the inhibition of MMP-2, -7, and -9. DAS, DADS, and DATS inhibited NF-κB and COX-2 for leading to the inhibition of cell proliferation. Taken together, these results demonstrated that application of DAS, DADS, and DATS might serve as potential antimetastatic drugs. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol 2011.
Kuang-Chi Lai; Shu-Chun Hsu; Chao-Lin Kuo; Jai-Sing Yang; Chia-Yu Ma; Hsu-Feng Lu; Nou-Ying Tang; Te-Chun Hsia; Heng-Chien Ho; Jing-Gung Chung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental toxicology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-7278     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100885357     Medline TA:  Environ Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Surgery, China Medical University Beigang Hospital, Yunlin 651, Taiwan; School of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan.
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