Document Detail

Dialect variation and reading: Is change in Nonmainstream American English use related to reading achievement in first and second grade?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22199203     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: In this study, we examined: (1) whether children who spoke Nonmainstream American English (NMAE) frequently in school at the beginning of first grade increased their use of Mainstream American English (MAE) through the end of second grade; and whether increasing MAE use was associated with (2) language and reading skills and school context and (3) greater gains in reading skills. METHOD: A longitudinal design was implemented with 49 children who spoke NMAE moderately to strongly. Spoken production of NMAE forms, word reading, and reading comprehension were measured at the beginning, middle, and end of first and second grade. Various oral language skills were also measured at the beginning of first grade. RESULTS: Results indicated that most children increased their MAE production during first grade and maintained these levels in second grade. Increasing MAE use was predicted by children's expressive vocabulary and nonword repetition skills at the beginning of first grade. Finally, the more children increased their MAE production, the greater were their reading gains from first through second grade. CONCLUSIONS: The findings extend previous reports of a significant association between NMAE use and specific reading skills among young children, and have implications for theory, educational practice, and future research.
Nicole Patton Terry; Carol McDonald Connor; Yaacov Petscher; Catherine Ross Conlin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1558-9102     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705610     Medline TA:  J Speech Lang Hear Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Georgia State University and the Center for Research on Atypical Development and Learning, Atlanta, GA, and Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, CT.
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