Document Detail

Dialect variation and reading: is change in nonmainstream American English use related to reading achievement in first and second grades?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22199203     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: In this study, we examined (a) whether children who spoke Nonmainstream American English (NMAE) frequently in school at the beginning of 1st grade increased their use of Mainstream American English (MAE) through the end of 2nd grade, and whether increasing MAE use was associated with (b) language and reading skills and school context and (c) greater gains in reading skills.
METHOD: A longitudinal design was implemented with 49 children who spoke NMAE moderately to strongly. Spoken production of NMAE forms, word reading, and reading comprehension were measured at the beginning, middle, and end of 1st and 2nd grades. Various oral language skills were also measured at the beginning of 1st grade.
RESULTS: Results indicate that most children increased their MAE production during 1st grade and maintained these levels in 2nd grade. Increasing MAE use was predicted by children's expressive vocabulary and nonword repetition skills at the beginning of 1st grade. Finally, the more children increased their MAE production, the greater were their reading gains from 1st grade through 2nd grade.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings extend previous reports of a significant association between NMAE use and specific reading skills among young children and have implications for theory, educational practice, and future research.
Nicole Patton Terry; Carol McDonald Connor; Yaacov Petscher; Catherine Ross Conlin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2011-12-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1558-9102     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-22     Completed Date:  2012-09-11     Revised Date:  2014-09-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705610     Medline TA:  J Speech Lang Hear Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  55-69     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child Language*
Educational Status
Language Development*
Longitudinal Studies
Social Environment
Verbal Behavior*
Verbal Learning
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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