Document Detail

Diagnostic yield of automatic and patient-triggered ambulatory cardiac event recording in the evaluation of patients with palpitations, dizziness, or syncope.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12708623     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that patient-triggered cardiac event recorders (CER) have an increased diagnostic yield and are more cost effective than conventional 24-h-Holter electrocardiograms (ECGs) for the evaluation of sporadic, potentially arrhythmia-related symptoms. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic yield of a patient-triggered CER combined with continuous automatic arrhythmia detection in the evaluation of sporadic dizziness/syncope or palpitations and its clinical relevance in assessing the further management. METHODS: We investigated 101 consecutive outpatients (54 +/- 20 years, 40 women), referred for evaluation of sporadic dizziness and syncope (36%) or palpitations (64%) of suspected rhythmogenic origin. All were monitored by patient-triggered CER with continuous automatic arrhythmia detection. RESULTS: After a mean monitoring period of 103 +/- 38 h, 83 patients registered symptoms and 57 patients had diagnostic or therapeutic relevant arrhythmias (relA). A total of 196 episodes of relA were recorded; 31 (16%) episodes were patient-triggered and 165 (84%) automatically recorded. Diagnostic relevant episodes (relA and/or typical symptoms) occurred in 94 patients, in 54% after the first 24 h of monitoring. According to the results of the CER, 80 patients needed no further diagnostic evaluation; 20 had additional diagnostic tests. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac event recorders with a continuous automatic arrhythmia detection function are a well-tolerated device for sporadic, potentially arrhythmia-related symptoms. The patient-triggered mode alone is not sufficiently reliable; the automatic continuous arrhythmia detection function has additional diagnostic and therapeutic consequences. In 54% of all patients, the first diagnostic event would not have been recorded with a single conventional 24-h-Holter ECG.
Nicola Balmelli; Barbara Naegeli; Osmund Bertel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical cardiology     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0160-9289     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Cardiol     Publication Date:  2003 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-04-23     Completed Date:  2003-07-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903272     Medline TA:  Clin Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  173-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Triemli Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / diagnosis*
Dizziness / diagnosis*
Electrocardiography / instrumentation
Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
Middle Aged
Monitoring, Ambulatory / instrumentation*
Syncope / diagnosis*

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