Document Detail

Diagnostic value of programmed ventricular stimulation in patients with bifascicular block: a prospective study of patients with and without syncope.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7594078     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the inducibility of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with bifascicular block both with and without a history of syncope and to relate the findings to clinical events during follow-up. BACKGROUND: Patients with bifascicular block have an increased risk of sudden death that is not reduced by pacemaker treatment. This risk could be related to a high incidence of ventricular arrhythmias. METHOD: Programmed ventricular stimulation was performed in 101 patients with bifascicular block: 41 had a history of unexplained syncope, and 60 were asymptomatic. RESULTS: Programmed ventricular stimulation resulted in a sustained ventricular arrhythmia in 18 patients (18%), 8 in the syncope group and 10 in the nonsyncope group (p = NS). Three patients in each group had an inducible sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. During a mean follow-up of 21 months, 10 patients experienced a clinical event defined as sudden death (n = 4), syncope (n = 5) or appropriate discharges from an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (n = 1). Only one of these patients had an inducible ventricular arrhythmia at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: The inducibility of ventricular arrhythmias is high in patients with bifascicular block and of the same magnitude in patients with and without a history of syncope. Clinical events during follow-up were not predicted by programmed ventricular stimulation in either of the two groups. The finding of inducible ventricular arrhythmia in patients with bifascicular block should therefore be interpreted with caution.
A Englund; L Bergfeldt; N Rehnqvist; H Aström; M Rosenqvist
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1995 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-12-07     Completed Date:  1995-12-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1508-15     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Cardiology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial*
Heart Block / complications,  diagnosis*
Middle Aged
Predictive Value of Tests
Prospective Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity
Syncope / etiology*

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