Document Detail

Diagnostic value of left ventricular function after adenosine triphosphate loading and at rest in the detection of multi-vessel coronary artery disease using myocardial perfusion imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19152125     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Although transient left ventricular (LV) dilation is a well-known marker for extensive coronary artery disease (CAD), few studies performed quantitative analysis of LV function of post adenosine triphosphate (ATP) stress and at rest to detect extensive CAD. METHODS: One hundred nineteen patients with suspected CAD underwent post-stress and resting gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Myocardial perfusion was assessed with a 20-segment model, and the changes in LV volume and function with ATP were analyzed. In addition, the stress-induced volume ratio (SIVR), defined as stress-to-rest ratios (end-systolic volume x 5 + end-diastolic volume), was calculated. All the patients underwent coronary angiography within 3 months of gated SPECT. RESULTS: In the 62 patients with multi-vessel CAD, the summed stress score (SSS) (16.6 +/- 8.7 vs 11.5 +/- 9.1; P < .002), summed difference score (SDS) (9.6 +/- 5.8 vs 3.9 +/- 4.2; P < .0001), the post-stress increase in end-diastolic volume (EDV) (7.7 +/- 7.9 vs 2.2 +/- 5.3 mL; P < .0001), the post-stress increase in end-systolic volume (ESV) (9.4 +/- 6.0 vs 2.7 +/- 4.0 mL; P < .0001), and the (SIVR) (1.21 +/- 0.14 vs 1.06 +/- 0.10; P < .0001) were greater than in the 57 patients with insignificant or single-vessel CAD, whereas the post-stress increase in ejection fraction (EF) was less (-6.0 +/- 4.9 vs -2.0 +/- 4.4%; P < .0001). In the detection of multi-vessel CAD, an SSS of > or = 14 and an SDS of > or = 9 showed sensitivities of 57% and 52%, respectively, and specificities of 63% and 88%, respectively, while increase in EDV of > or = 6 mL, increase in ESV of > or = 6 mL, decrease in EF of > or = 5% after stress, and SIVR of > or = 1.13 demonstrated sensitivities of 60%, 81%, 60%, and 74% and specificities of 74%, 77%, 77%, and 79%, respectively. The multivariate discriminant analysis revealed that the combination of post-stress increase in ESV and the SDS best identified multi-vessel CAD, with 81% sensitivity and 77% specificity (chi(2) = 63.6), whereas the SDS alone showed 52% sensitivity and 88% specificity (chi(2) = 22.4). CONCLUSIONS: The addition of "post-ATP stress" and "at rest" LV functional analysis using gated SPECT to conventional perfusion analysis helps to better identify patients with multi-vessel CAD.
Satoshi Hida; Taishiro Chikamori; Hirokazu Tanaka; Yuko Igarashi; Tsuguhisa Hatano; Yasuhiro Usui; Manabu Miyagi; Akira Yamashina
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-01-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1532-6551     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nucl Cardiol     Publication Date:    2009 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-19     Completed Date:  2009-07-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423534     Medline TA:  J Nucl Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  20-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, Tokyo Medical University, 6-7-1 Nishi-Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-0023, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Adenosine Triphosphate / diagnostic use*
Coronary Artery Disease / complications,  radionuclide imaging*
Exercise Test
Image Enhancement / methods*
Radiopharmaceuticals / diagnostic use
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi / diagnostic use*
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon / methods*,  trends*
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / etiology,  radionuclide imaging*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Radiopharmaceuticals; 109581-73-9/Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi; 56-65-5/Adenosine Triphosphate
Comment In:
J Nucl Cardiol. 2009 Jan-Feb;16(1):4-5   [PMID:  19152122 ]

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