Document Detail


Diagnostic and therapeutic decision-making with transvaginal sonography for first trimester spontaneous abortion, clinically thought to be incomplete or complete.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9693399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal sonography for first trimester spontaneous abortions, thought to be incomplete or complete, in patients with postabortion bleeding or uterine cramping within 5 days of abortion. In a prospective study, 78 patients underwent transvaginal sonography to evaluate the maximum anteroposterior diameter of the uterine cavity on the long axis view and echo pattern of the retained products of conception. Patients were divided into three groups: those with a normal uterine cavity or a uterine cavity with fluid collection without echogenic foci (n = 13, group A), those with a uterine cavity containing fluid mixed with solid components (n = 38, group B), and those with a uterine cavity containing solid components (n = 27, group C). Group A was considered not to have retained products of conception, and the latter two groups were considered to have retained products of conception. Patients in group A were assigned to receive conservative treatment. In groups B and C, patients with significant vaginal bleeding during 48 h of follow-up underwent elective curettage and those with minimal-mild bleeding received conservative management. A total of 73 patients (12 in group A, 35 in group B and 26 in group C) completed the study. There were no differences in any of selected reproductive data of the groups (p > 0.05). In group B, all patients with uterine cavity diameter of 10 mm or greater underwent elective curettage. In group C, all patients with a diameter of the uterine cavity 8 mm or greater underwent elective curettage. The overall complication and patient satisfaction rates were approximately 14% and 88%, respectively. Transvaginal sonographic findings can be used as a decision factor in the management of patients with first trimester spontaneous abortion to reduce the need for an elective curettage by approximately 58%.
The diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal sonography for management of first-trimester spontaneous abortion, clinically judged to be complete or incomplete, was assessed in a prospective study of 78 patients who presented to Sivas (Turkey) Hospital with bleeding or uterine cramping within 5 days of abortion. Sonography evaluated the maximum anteroposterior diameter of the uterine cavity on the long axis view and echo patterns of the retained products of conception. Patients were divided into three groups: group A (n = 13), those with a normal uterine cavity or a uterine cavity with fluid collection without echogenic foci; group B (n = 38), those whose uterine cavity contained fluid mixed with solid components; and group C (n = 27), those with a uterine cavity containing solid components. Women in group A were considered not to have retained products of conception and received conservative treatment. In groups B and C, women with significant vaginal bleeding during 48 hours of follow up (17 and 14 women, respectively) underwent elective curettage and those with minimal or mild bleeding received conservative management. 73 women (12, 35, and 26 in groups A, B, and C, respectively) were available for follow up 6-8 weeks later. In group B, all 35 women with a uterine cavity diameter of 10 mm or greater underwent elective curettage; in group C, all 26 women with a diameter 8 mm or greater underwent this procedure. The complication rate was 19% among women who received conservative treatment and 6% among curettage patients; the satisfaction rates were 81% and 97%, respectively. These findings indicate transvaginal sonography can be used as a decision factor in the management of women with first-trimester spontaneous abortion. If sonography is used as a first step in determining further treatment options, the need for elective curettage can be reduced by approximately 58%.
Authors:
A Cetin; M Cetin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Contraception     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0010-7824     ISO Abbreviation:  Contraception     Publication Date:  1998 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-10-15     Completed Date:  1998-10-15     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0234361     Medline TA:  Contraception     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  393-7     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cumhuriyet University School of Medicine, Sivas, Turkey. cetin@turnet.net.tr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abortion, Incomplete / therapy,  ultrasonography*
Abortion, Spontaneous / complications,  ultrasonography*
Adult
Curettage
Dilatation and Curettage
Female
Humans
Muscle Cramp
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Trimester, First
Prospective Studies
Uterine Hemorrhage / etiology,  therapy
Uterus

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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