Document Detail

Diagnostic criteria for essential tremor: a population perspective.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9626774     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Prevalence estimates vary 2750-fold among the 20 studies of essential tremor (ET). It is not clear how the choice of diagnostic criteria affects research results. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of alternative sets of diagnostic criteria on the diagnosis of ET. METHODS: As part of the Washington Heights-Inwood Genetic Study of ET (WHIGET), a population-based study of ET, 285 subjects who include 36 case subjects with probable or definite ET, 34 case subjects with possible ET, and 215 normal subjects were interviewed and examined. All diagnoses in WHIGET were assigned by 2 neurologists. Ten of the 20 published prevalence studies of ET provided diagnostic criteria for ET. Criteria differed in terms of requirements for the distribution, duration, and severity of tremor. These 10 sets of criteria were then each separately applied to the subjects in the WHIGET cohort to determine their impact on the diagnosis of ET. RESULTS: Depending on which diagnostic criteria were applied to the WHIGET cohort, the proportion of WHIGET case subjects with definite or probable ET who would have been diagnosed as having ET was as low as 14% and the proportion of WHIGET normal subjects who would have been diagnosed as having ET was as high as 51%. Diagnostic criteria that included a positive family history of ET or a lengthy duration of tremor would have classified many WHIGET case subjects with ET as normal, whereas criteria that did not specify a minimal tremor severity would have classified many WHIGET normal subjects as having ET. CONCLUSIONS: Alternative sets of diagnostic criteria for ET greatly impact on the diagnosis of ET. For population-based studies, information on tremor type and severity rather than family history should be included in diagnostic criteria.
E D Louis; B Ford; H Lee; H Andrews; G Cameron
Related Documents :
18385604 - High risk of malignancy in familial barrett's esophagus: presentation of one family.
23493154 - The use of case studies in teaching undergraduate neuroscience.
23274634 - Pediatric cranio-vertebral junction tuberculosis: management and outcome.
6430604 - Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia: association with neonatal primary hyperparathyro...
18615544 - Maternal serum screening in cases of mosaic and translocation down syndrome.
24881034 - Accessory limb with myelomeningocele: a rare case challenging previously held beliefs.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of neurology     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0003-9942     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Neurol.     Publication Date:  1998 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-06-25     Completed Date:  1998-06-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372436     Medline TA:  Arch Neurol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  823-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Diagnosis, Differential
Middle Aged
Observer Variation
Physical Examination
Reference Values
Reproducibility of Results
Tremor / classification,  diagnosis*,  epidemiology
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Anticardiolipin antibodies are frequently present in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertens...
Next Document:  Severity of cognitive impairment in juvenile and late-onset Huntington disease.