Document Detail


Diagnostic confidence and image quality of CT pulmonary angiography at 100 kVp in overweight and obese patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25459197     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To compare image quality and diagnostic confidence of 100 kVp CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) in patients with body weights (BWs) below and above 100kg.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present retrospective study comprised 216 patients (BWs of 75-99kg, 114 patients; 100-125kg, 88 patients; >125kg, 14 patients), who received 100 kVp CTPA to exclude pulmonary embolism. The attenuation was measured and the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was calculated in the pulmonary trunk. Size-specific dose estimates (SSDEs) were evaluated. Three blinded radiologists rated subjective image quality and diagnostic confidence. Results between the BW groups and between three body mass index (BMI) groups (BMI <25kg/m(2), BMI = 25-29.9kg/m(2), and BMI ≥30kg/m(2), i.e., normal weight, overweight, and obese patients) were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test.
RESULTS: Vessel attenuation was higher and SDDE was lower in the 75-99kg group than at higher BWs (p-values between <0.001 and 0.03), with no difference between the 100-125 and >125kg groups (p = 0.892 and 1). Subjective image quality and diagnostic confidence were not different among the BW groups (p = 0.225 and 1). CNR was lower (p < 0.006) in obese patients than in normal weight or overweight subjects. Diagnostic confidence was not different in the BMI groups (p = 0.105).
CONCLUSION: CTPA at 100 kVp tube voltage can be used in patients weighing up to 125kg with no significant deterioration of subjective image quality and confidence. The applicability of 100 kVp in the 125-150kg BW range needs further testing in larger collectives.
Authors:
B Megyeri; A Christe; S T Schindera; E Horkay; J Sikula; J L Cullmann; J Kollar; J T Heverhagen; Z Szucs-Farkas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical radiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-229X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Radiol     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306016     Medline TA:  Clin Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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