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Diagnostic accuracy of NT-proBNP ratio (BNP-R) for early diagnosis of tachycardia-mediated cardiomyopathy: a pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21538234     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: When heart failure and tachycardia occur simultaneously, a useful diagnostic tool for early discrimination of patients with benign tachycardia-mediated cardiomyopathy (TMC) versus major structural heart disease (MSHD) is not available. Such a tool is required to prevent unnecessary and wearing diagnostics in patients with reversible TMC. Moreover, it could lead to early additional diagnostics and therapeutic approaches in patients with MSHD. METHODS: A total of 387 consecutive patients with supraventricular arrhythmia underwent assessment at a single center. Of these patients, 40 fulfilled the inclusion criteria with a resting heart rate ≥100 bpm and an impaired left ventricular ejection fraction <40%. In all patients, successful electrical cardioversion was performed. At baseline, day 1 and weekly for 4 weeks, levels of NT-proBNP and echocardiographic parameters were evaluated. An NT-proBNP ratio (BNP-R) was calculated as a quotient of baseline NT-proBNP/follow-up NT-proBNP. After 4 weeks, cardiac catheterization was performed to identify patients with a final diagnosis of TMC versus MSHD. RESULTS: Initial NT-proBNP concentrations were elevated and consecutively decreased after cardioversion in all patients. Multivariate regression and ROC analysis revealed that BNP-R discriminated between patients with TMC versus MSHD independent and superior to all other variables. The area under the ROC curve for BNP-R to detect TMC was 0.90 (95% CI 0.79-1.00; p < 0.001) after 1 week and 0.995 (95% CI 0.99-1.00; p < 0.0001) after 4 weeks. One week after cardioversion already, a BNP-R cutoff ≥2.3 was useful for TMC diagnosis indicated by an accuracy of 90%, sensitivity of 84% and specificity of 95%. CONCLUSION: BNP-R was found to be highly accurate for the early diagnosis of TMC.
Amir M Nia; Natig Gassanov; Kristina M Dahlem; Evren Caglayan; Martin Hellmich; Erland Erdmann; Fikret Er
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical research in cardiology : official journal of the German Cardiac Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1861-0692     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264123     Medline TA:  Clin Res Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Cologne, Kerpener Str. 62, 50937, Cologne, Germany.
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