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Diagnostic Value of 13N-Ammonia Myocardial Perfusion PET: Added Value of Myocardial Flow Reserve.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22776752     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The ability to obtain quantitative values of flow and myocardial flow reserve (MFR) has been perceived as an important advantage of PET over conventional nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). We evaluated the added diagnostic value of MFR over MPI alone as assessed with (13)N-ammonia and PET/CT to predict angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Seventy-three patients underwent 1-d adenosine stress-rest (13)N-ammonia PET/CT MPI, and MFR was calculated. The added value of MFR as an adjunct to MPI for predicting CAD (luminal narrowing ≥ 50%) was evaluated using invasive coronary angiography as a standard of reference. RESULTS: Per patient, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of MPI for detecting significant CAD were 79%, 80%, 91%, 59%, and 79%, respectively. Adding a cutoff of less than 2.0 for global MFR to MPI findings improved the values to 96% (P < 0.005), 80%, 93%, 89% (P < 0.005), and 92% (P < 0.005), respectively. CONCLUSION: The quantification of MFR in (13)N-ammonia PET/CT MPI provides a substantial added diagnostic value for detection of CAD. Particularly in patients with normal MPI results, quantification of MFR helps to unmask clinically significant CAD.
Authors:
Michael Fiechter; Jelena R Ghadri; Cathérine Gebhard; Tobias A Fuchs; Aju P Pazhenkottil; Rene N Nkoulou; Bernhard A Herzog; Christophe A Wyss; Oliver Gaemperli; Philipp A Kaufmann
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1535-5667     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217410     Medline TA:  J Nucl Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Cardiac Imaging, Department of Radiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
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