Document Detail

Diagnosis of vasospastic angina by hyperventilation and cold-pressor stress echocardiography: comparison to I-MIBG myocardial scintigraphy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12050603     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the usefulness of hyperventilation and cold-pressor stress echocardiography in the diagnosis of vasospastic angina compared with that of iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy. BACKGROUND: Various noninvasive methods have been used to detect vasospastic angina, but they are not very sensitive in the diagnosis of vasospastic angina. 123I-MIBG images and stress echocardiography have recently been proposed as a useful tool for detecting vasospastic angina. METHOD: Thirty patients (21 males and 9 females, mean age: 52 +/- 14 years) who complained of rest angina were enrolled for this study. The hyperventilation and cold-pressor stress echocardiography test consisted of hyperventilation for 6 minutes, followed by cold water pressor for 2 minutes under continuous electrocardiographic and echocardiographic monitoring. Left ventricular regional wall motion by echocardiogram was analyzed by using the 16-segment model, and wall motion ranging from normokinesis to dyskinesis was evaluated visually in each segment. Single-photon emission computed tomography images of 123I-MIBG myocardial scintigraphy were divided into 26 segments. Defect scores were established using the 4 grades. The echocardiographic criteria for coronary spasm was worsening wall motion and the scintigraphic criteria was defect score more than moderately reduced. Acetylcholine was selectively injected into the right coronary artery (20 microg and 50 microg) and left coronary artery (20 microg, 50 microg, and 100 microg). RESULTS: Of 30 patients, 20 patients had coronary spasm on coronary angiography with an intracoronary injection of acetylcholine, whereas 10 patients showed no spasm. Multivessel spasms were observed in 15 patients. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and diagnostic accuracy of hyperventilation and cold-pressor stress echocardiography for diagnosing in patients with vasospastic angina were 90%, 90%, 95%, 82%, and 90%, respectively. However, those of 123I-MIBG myocardial scintigraphy for diagnosing in patients with vasospastic angina were 90%, 40%, 75%, 67%, and 73%, respectively. The specificity of hyperventilation and cold-pressor stress echocardiography was significantly higher than that of 123I-MIBG myocardial scintigraphy (P <.05). CONCLUSION: The specificity of hyperventilation and cold-pressor stress echocardiography in diagnosing coronary spasm were higher than that shown by 201I-MIBG myocardial scintigraphy.
Yutaka Hirano; Yoshihisa Ozasa; Tadahiko Yamamoto; Kizuku Nakagawa; Hisakazu Uehara; Satoru Yamada; Hiroshi Ikawa; Kinji Ishikawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0894-7317     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Publication Date:  2002 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-06     Completed Date:  2002-09-05     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  617-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, Kinki University School of Medicine, Ohnohigashi Osakasayama, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
3-Iodobenzylguanidine / diagnostic use
Acetylcholine / diagnostic use
Angina Pectoris, Variant / radionuclide imaging*,  ultrasonography*
Cold Temperature / diagnostic use
Coronary Angiography
Echocardiography, Stress / methods
Middle Aged
Sensitivity and Specificity
Reg. No./Substance:
51-84-3/Acetylcholine; 77679-27-7/3-Iodobenzylguanidine

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