Document Detail

Diagnosis, treatment options, and rehabilitation of chronic lower leg exertional compartment syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12959704     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the lower leg is a well-described and documented cause of exercise-related pain in recreational, elite, and military athletes. Although this condition is common, the exact underlying mechanisms, those most at risk, long-term effects on muscular strength if unrecognized, and prevention strategies are relatively uncertain. Runners are most commonly affected and can be markedly impaired by the recurrent, often predictable pain that develops with exercise. An accurate history, high index of suspicion, and compartment pressure testing before and after symptomatic exercise confirms the diagnosis. Conservative therapy is minimally effective. Fasciotomy is the treatment of choice for athletes who are unwilling to modify their exercise or sport.
Fred H Brennan; Shawn F Kane
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current sports medicine reports     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1537-890X     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-09-08     Completed Date:  2003-11-06     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101134380     Medline TA:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  247-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dewitt Army Community Hospital, 9501 Farrell Road, Fort Belvoir, VA 22030, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Chronic Disease
Compartment Syndromes / diagnosis*,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Leg* / physiopathology
Physical Exertion / physiology*

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