Document Detail


Diagnosis and treatment of congestive heart failure secondary to dilated cardiomyopathy in a hedgehog.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24372164     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A one-year-old African pygmy hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) was evaluated for severe respiratory distress. Physical examination findings included marked dyspnoea, cyanosis and tachypnoea. Radiographic findings included an enlarged heart and pulmonary oedema, and dilated cardiomyopathy was confirmed via echocardiogram. The patient was treated for congestive heart failure because of dilated cardiomyopathy with furosemide, enalapril, pimobendan and l-carnitine. Within 24 hours of treatment, the pulmonary oedema and cyanosis had resolved. Following discharge, clinical improvement was noted by the owner and echocardiogram confirmed improved fractional shortening. Cardiomyopathy has been reported at post-mortem examination in hedgehogs, but there are no reports of ante-mortem diagnosis and treatment. Performing baseline cardiac assessment in hedgehogs is recommended, and treatment with l-carnitine and pimobendan may improve outcome, as carnitine deficiency is a possible cause of cardiomyopathy in hedgehogs. Successful emergency treatment of congestive heart failure in the hedgehog of this report may be effective for other hedgehogs presented with similar clinical signs.
Authors:
K W Delk; D Eshar; E Garcia; K Harkin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-12-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of small animal practice     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1748-5827     ISO Abbreviation:  J Small Anim Pract     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0165053     Medline TA:  J Small Anim Pract     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 British Small Animal Veterinary Association.
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