Document Detail

Diagnosis of personality disorders in learning disability.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12509306     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Though contentious, the diagnosis of personality disorders in persons with learning disability is clinically relevant because it affects many aspects of management. AIMS: To examine published literature on the diagnosis of personality disorders in learning disability. METHOD: Selective review with computerised (Medline, Embase and PsychInfo) and manual literature searches. RESULTS: The variation in the co-occurrence of personality disorder in learning disability, with prevalence ranging from less than 1% to 91% in a community setting and 22% to 92% in hospital settings, is very great and too large to be explained by real differences. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis of personality disorders in learning disability is complex and difficult, particularly in those with severe disability. Developing consensus diagnostic criteria, specific for various developmental levels, is one way forward. Such criteria may need to include objective proxy measures such as behavioural observations and informant accounts.
Regi Alexander; Sherva Cooray
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of psychiatry. Supplement     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0960-5371     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Psychiatry Suppl     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-01     Completed Date:  2003-02-24     Revised Date:  2008-02-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9001294     Medline TA:  Br J Psychiatry Suppl     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S28-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Leicester Frith Hospital, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Borderline Personality Disorder / complications,  diagnosis
Learning Disorders / classification,  complications*,  diagnosis
Personality Disorders / complications,  diagnosis*
Psychological Tests
Schizoid Personality Disorder / complications,  diagnosis

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