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Diagnosis and Outcome of Pregnancies with Prenatally Diagnosed Fetal Dextrocardia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25007986     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the incidence, associated cardiac and extracardiac malformations and clinical outcome of fetuses with dextrocardia. Method: A retrospective review of 3,556 fetal echocardiograms between 2000 and 2011 revealed 39 cases of dextrocardia. Dextrocardia was defined as right-sided positioning of the fetal heart. Prenatal and postnatal records of the fetuses were reviewed. Results: The incidence was 1.1%. Of the 39 fetuses, 22 were primary dextrocardia and 17 were dextroposition. Diaphragmatic hernia was the most common cause of dextroposition with the incidence of 76%. Of the fetuses with dextroposition 35.5% had a cardiac anomaly. The survival rate of dextroposition was 31.2% and none of the survivors had an associated cardiac anomaly. Primary fetal dextrocardia was most common with situs solitus (45.4%), followed by situs ambiguous (36.3%) and then situs inversus totalis (18.1%). Structural cardiac malformations were found in 100%, 80% and 25% of fetuses with situs ambiguous, solitus and inversus respectively. Of the dextroposition, 47.6% terminated pregnancy, 14.2% resulted in intrauterine death, 9.5% died after birth, and 28.5% survived. Conclusion: A wide spectrum of complex cardiac malformations are associated with fetal dextrocardia. Fetal echocardiography enables detection of complex cardiac anomalies so that parents can be appropriately counselled.
Authors:
Funda Oztunc; Riza Madazli; Mehmet Aytac Yuksel; Selman Gökalp; Mahmut Oncul
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-17     Citation Subset:  -    
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