Document Detail

Diagnosing the SAPHO syndrome: a report of three cases and review of literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23604547     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
SAPHO, an acronym for synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis, is a heterogeneous entity with myriad presentations and features overlapping with other entities. It is a differential in patients presenting with skin and bone symptoms, either singly or in combination. Often misdiagnosed radiologically as a malignancy or infection, the diagnosis is seldom thought of. We present three cases referred to us for evaluation of findings unrelated to the presenting symptoms. After evaluation, a (99)Tc bone scan was ordered, which showed the 'bull's head sign' in all the three cases, confirming the diagnosis. We review the literature for SAPHO. It has a few features which point to its diagnosis and can help us to distinguish it from other seronegative arthritis. The clinician should be aware of this entity and should not hesitate to order a (99)Tc bone scan. We conclude that SAPHO is not rare, but rather, it is underdiagnosed. High index of suspicion is necessary for diagnosis. A (99)Tc bone scan is diagnostic and should be ordered in patients having any of the presenting features of the syndrome. We put forward the suggestion of using (99)Tc bone scintigraphy to define a 'pre-MRI' stage of ankylosing spondylitis.
Bijit Kumar Kundu; Ananta Kumar Naik; Shrinath Bhargava; Dinesh Srivastava
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rheumatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1434-9949     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Rheumatol.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211469     Medline TA:  Clin Rheumatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Rheumatology Clinic, Department of Medicine, PGIMER, Dr RML Hospital, New Delhi, 110001, India,
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