Document Detail


Dextran and capillary filtration coefficient in cat hindlimb.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2580449     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To investigate the possible mechanisms through which dextran modifies capillary filtration coefficient (CFC), the effects of perfusion with a protein-free dextran solution were compared with those of perfusion with a Ringerlike solution. With the use of the isolated cat hindlimb, CFC was measured during perfusion at constant flow with three solutions, a control blood-albumin mixture, a Ringerlike solution called dialysate, and 3.7 g/dl dextran dissolved in dialysate. The solutions were warmed to 37-38 degrees C, bubbled with 95% O2-5% CO2, and contained 0.015 g/dl or more papaverine. CFC was calculated from the rate of limb weight gain following a step increase in venous pressure. Dextran perfusion increased CFC to 2.0 +/- 0.2 (SD, n = 8) times control, which was significantly less (P less than 0.001) than 3.1 +/- 0.6 (n = 8) times control previously reported for dialysate perfusion. The difference between the measured viscosity of dextran (1.35 cP) and dialysate (0.72) could account for this reduction. However, when a dialysate perfusion followed a dextran perfusion, CFC only increased to 2.3 +/- 0.4 (n = 8) times control. This value is also significantly less (P less than 0.01) than 3.1. This observation suggests 1) that dextran is retained within the transcapillary channel and 2) that dextran reduces CFC mainly by partially blocking the transcapillary channel rather than by increasing viscosity.
Authors:
P D Watson; M B Wolf
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  248     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1985 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-05-14     Completed Date:  1985-05-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H452-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Capillary Permeability / drug effects*
Cats
Dextrans / pharmacology*
Hindlimb / blood supply*
Perfusion
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-24314/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
9004-54-0/Dextrans

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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