Document Detail

Dextran and capillary filtration coefficient in cat hindlimb.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2580449     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To investigate the possible mechanisms through which dextran modifies capillary filtration coefficient (CFC), the effects of perfusion with a protein-free dextran solution were compared with those of perfusion with a Ringerlike solution. With the use of the isolated cat hindlimb, CFC was measured during perfusion at constant flow with three solutions, a control blood-albumin mixture, a Ringerlike solution called dialysate, and 3.7 g/dl dextran dissolved in dialysate. The solutions were warmed to 37-38 degrees C, bubbled with 95% O2-5% CO2, and contained 0.015 g/dl or more papaverine. CFC was calculated from the rate of limb weight gain following a step increase in venous pressure. Dextran perfusion increased CFC to 2.0 +/- 0.2 (SD, n = 8) times control, which was significantly less (P less than 0.001) than 3.1 +/- 0.6 (n = 8) times control previously reported for dialysate perfusion. The difference between the measured viscosity of dextran (1.35 cP) and dialysate (0.72) could account for this reduction. However, when a dialysate perfusion followed a dextran perfusion, CFC only increased to 2.3 +/- 0.4 (n = 8) times control. This value is also significantly less (P less than 0.01) than 3.1. This observation suggests 1) that dextran is retained within the transcapillary channel and 2) that dextran reduces CFC mainly by partially blocking the transcapillary channel rather than by increasing viscosity.
P D Watson; M B Wolf
Related Documents :
15141879 - Comparison of abomasal luminal gas pressure and volume and perfusion of the abomasum in...
8796669 - Effect of pulmonary volume loss on the size and appearance of experimentally produced s...
7631809 - Inhaled nitric oxide prevents neutrophil-mediated, oxygen radical-dependent leak in iso...
6405039 - Vascular reactions to perfusion fixation.
11119079 - Perfusate lactate dehydrogenase level and intrarenal resistance could not be adequate m...
9559869 - Demonstration of the production of oxygen-centered free radicals during electrolysis us...
19486119 - The effects of antihypertensive treatment on the doppler-derived myocardial performance...
3281649 - Assisted positive pressure breathing for augmentation of acceleration tolerance time.
21701139 - Anatomic predictors of retropalatal mechanical loads in patients with obstructive sleep...
Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  248     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1985 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-05-14     Completed Date:  1985-05-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H452-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Capillary Permeability / drug effects*
Dextrans / pharmacology*
Hindlimb / blood supply*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Carbobenzoxy amino acids: structural requirements for cholecystokinin receptor antagonist activity.
Next Document:  Immunological specificity of hexosaminidases from human seminal plasma.