Document Detail

Developmental plasticity of the hypoxic ventilatory response in rats induced by neonatal hypoxia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15020695     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Neonatal hypoxia alters the development of the hypoxic ventilatory response in rats and other mammals. Here we demonstrate that neonatal hypoxia impairs the hypoxic ventilatory response in adult male, but not adult female, rats. Rats were raised in 10% O(2) for the first postnatal week, beginning within 12 h after birth. Subsequently, ventilatory responses were assessed in 7- to 9-week-old unanaesthetized rats via whole-body plethysmography. In response to 12% O(2), male rats exposed to neonatal hypoxia increased ventilation less than untreated control rats (mean +/-s.e.m. 35.2 +/- 7.7%versus 67.4 +/- 9.1%, respectively; P= 0.01). In contrast, neonatal hypoxia had no lasting effect on hypoxic ventilatory responses in female rats (67.9 +/- 12.6%versus 61.2 +/- 11.7% increase in hypoxia-treated and control rats, respectively; P > 0.05). Normoxic ventilation was unaffected by neonatal hypoxia in either sex at 7-9 weeks of age (P > 0.05). Since we hypothesized that neonatal hypoxia alters the hypoxic ventilatory response at the level of peripheral chemoreceptors or the central neural integration of chemoafferent activity, integrated phrenic responses to isocapnic hypoxia were investigated in urethane-anaesthetized, paralysed and ventilated rats. Phrenic responses were unaffected by neonatal hypoxia in rats of either sex (P > 0.05), suggesting that neonatal hypoxia-induced plasticity occurs between the phrenic nerve and the generation of airflow (e.g. neuromuscular junction, respiratory muscles or respiratory mechanics) and is not due to persistent changes in hypoxic chemosensitivity or central neural integration. The basis of sex differences in this developmental plasticity is unknown.
R W Bavis; E B Olson; E H Vidruk; D D Fuller; G S Mitchell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2004-03-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of physiology     Volume:  557     ISSN:  0022-3751     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. (Lond.)     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-31     Completed Date:  2005-01-05     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266262     Medline TA:  J Physiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  645-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Comparative Biosciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Animals, Newborn
Anoxia / physiopathology*
Blood Gas Analysis
Neuronal Plasticity / physiology*
Phrenic Nerve / physiopathology*
Plethysmography, Whole Body
Pulmonary Ventilation / physiology*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology
Sex Factors
Weight Loss
Grant Support

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