Document Detail

Developmental pattern of phenylalanine hydroxylase activity in the chicken.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10438129     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Experiments were conducted to determine the conditions for assay of hepatic phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) activity in the chicken and to determine the developmental pattern of PAH activity in liver 25,000 x g supernatant. PAH activity was detected in liver supernatant and (postnuclear) 25,000 x g particulate fraction. Optimum assay conditions differed for the two cell fractions, the most notable difference being a broad pH optimum of 7.7 to 9.2 for the supernatant and 4.7 and 5.6 for the particulate fraction. The PAH activity in the supernatant increased to a maximum as L-phenylalanine concentration in the assay medium increased from 0.02 to 0.5 mM and 1.0 mM. Activity increased in the particulate fraction as the Phe concentration increased to 0.5 mM. Substrate inhibition of PAH activity occurred at Phe concentrations of 3 to 5 mM in the supernatant but not in the particulate fraction. Concentrations of the cofactor, 6(R)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin, ranging from 0.09 to 0.75 mM, resulted in maximal PAH activity. The developmental pattern of PAH in supernatant was determined using a modified assay in which substrate and cofactor concentrations and pH were optimum. The PAH activity in liver supernatant was present at a low level in 11 d chick embryos and increased several fold between Days 15 and 17 to a maximum at Days 17 to 21. Activity declined at hatching to levels that were present in 11 to 15 d embryos and remained at this level in male chicks through 4 wk of age. Mature males had higher PAH activity than mature laying females.
T L Powell; A J Davis; J H Yuan; R E Austic
Related Documents :
566919 - Investigations of leg abnormalities in chicks consuming high tannin sorghum grain diets.
6104809 - Asparagine metabolism in chicks and rats.
7664939 - Aflatoxin adsorbent capacity of two mexican aluminosilicates in experimentally contamin...
2856859 - Ultrastructure of fusarium-induced tibial dyschondroplasia in chickens: a sequential st...
10512659 - Differences in prey selection and behaviour during self-feeding and chick provisioning ...
455109 - The tryptophan requirement of broiler chicks.
16082429 - Enhanced hypercholesterolemia therapy: the ezetimibe/simvastatin tablet.
3074789 - Vitamin e and immune functions.
1470589 - Response of broilers to feed restriction or diet dilution in the finisher period.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-09-22     Completed Date:  1999-09-22     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  855-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Chickens / growth & development*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Liver / enzymology
Phenylalanine / analysis
Phenylalanine Hydroxylase / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
63-91-2/Phenylalanine; EC Hydroxylase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Risk factors associated with Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium infection in Danish broiler flo...
Next Document:  The use of high oil corn in broiler diets.